Uchaguzi Sitroom Report March 5, 2013 up to 9:30am

Executive Summary

As at 9:30am on March 5, 2013, there were a total of:

4,344 messages sent to the platform
4,148 reports created in the system
Of these, 3,364 reports were approved, and a further 2,318 verified.

There are different verified reports from more than 1,694 different locations from all over the country. This analysis is based on 1,805 approved and verified reports.

The Research and Analysis team monitors reviewed reports in near real time to draw patterns and trends and provide insights to events as they were reported. Uchaguzi mainly relies on citizen reports and therefore the results of these analyses are purely based on crowd-sourced reports from all over the country.

Background

On the evening prior to Kenya’s General Elections, citizen reports noted violence in Kilifi and Kaloleni areas. Uchaguzi alerted the relevant authorities in time to deploy security officials to these areas, but approximately 13 people were killed#, including 4 police according to The Guardian Newspaper#.

Kenya opened its General Elections polling at approximately 6:00am on March 4, 2013, with some polling stations opening late due to inadequate preparations. The day passed relatively peacefully with small incidents of violence in areas like Mathare, attacks on the Justus Kizito3 former MP of Shinyalu Constituency, in Kakamega Forest and Kabando wa Kabando (former MP Mukuruweini Constituency) by youth4. Voter turnout was extremely high. The Independent Electoral Boundaries Commission (IEBC) Chairman Isaack Hassan, said that the commission expects the voter turnout to be at about 70% of all registered voters5. Subsequently, polling stations were extremely crowded, with citizens waiting for up to 10 hours in some cases6.

Some polling stations closed at the stated time (5:00pm) while others have been alleged to have remained open late into the night/early morning. By 9:30am on March 5, some polling stations were alleged to still be open, including Port Reitz (Mombasa).

Votes began to be counted on the evening of March 4th and are currently continuing to being tabulated. Provisional results are currently being provided from the Bomas Tally Centre with the final results expected once the tally process is complete and reported by the IEBC.

Categories

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Voting Irregularities Prevalent During Polling

23% of all citizen reports were about voting irregularities. At a first glance, most of these locations were in and around Nairobi, Kilifi, and Western regions of the country.

Crowds became impatient at polling centres due to long queues and the common failure of Biometric Voter Registration (BVR) kits. Other voter irregularities noted include voter bribery and names missing from the register. Technical issues with the BVR forced some polling stations to resort to the manual register. Locations include Ikolomani Cells, Lirhembe – Ikolo Bridge International Academy – Kabati, Kenyatta Avenue, Naivasha.

Voter Bribing and Harassment
Voter bribing was reported in Kamukunji (in Pumwani by a Wiper Ward Rep), and Bomachoge, where their campaigns were going on outside the station. Instances of voter bribery were also witnessed in reports that implicate specific political parties and representative in Taveta and along Kipsigak Serem Road (Aldai Secondary School). Other incidents of voter bribery were reported from Lugari and Migori.

Kenya Breweries has also been implicated in ID card thefts, preventing 30 labourers from leaving work to vote, although the matter was passed on to the police. Some voters were also subject to harassment by candidates, as reported in Eastleigh (Nairobi) where a political party county representative was reported to be with armed youth. This was also witnessed in Nyaribari Chache.

Unusually high number of voters assisted to vote

In Lamu East and Nyaribari Chache, there were reports of unusually high numbers of voters needing assistance to cast their ballots. Moreover, in Lamu East, where voters were assisted, the personnel assisting the voters did not take an oath of secrecy.

Other singular incidents include: voters with IDs that have been laminated afresh being turned away in Sirisia Township polling station; an ill lit polling station at Mithadukuini; polling officials behaving inappropriately in Gatanga; and agents marking for clerks in Turkana East and Kitutu Masaba.

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Polling Station Irregularities

9% of citizen reports from March 4th related to incidents of voter intimidation or disruption at polling stations across Kenya. These incidents occurred all over the country, but in particular in several locations in Kilifi, where voting had not started at the time that other polling stations had already closed. Other issues faced ranged from the failure of BVR kits to demonstrations and threats of violence, as crowds became impatient at polling centres. Voter irregularities noted also include voter bribery and names missing from the registrar.

The general trend was that polling stations were busy and crowded, with police assistance not always sufficient to maintain calm and order. Space at the stations was limited, with one report in Naivasha of voting taking place in the open air.

Issues relating to voter identification, the voting process and polling station administration continue to constitute the majority of reports received in the platform. 1.3% of citizen reports and 6% of the reports from verified reporters (CRECO officials) stated that there were incidents of voter names missing from the register or irregular names. The problem of IEBC biometric voter registration kits (BVR) not working was compounded by voters’ missing names from the manual registers in Railway polling station (Kitale county) where over 150 people’s names were missing from the register. Other areas that had missing voters include Msambweni, Bomachoge, Kilome, Trans Nzoia and Awendo, and Central province.

Missing ballot papers in Nakuru and in Kilifi resulted in heightened tensions on March 4, and there was general frustration at the delays and length of time taken to vote in most locations, as noted in our earlier reports. In Kibera, lack of power led to the BVR machines shutting down, further contributing to delays. The above problems caused much disorganization and increased frustration amongst voters consequently increasing the threat of violence and disorderly conduct at polling stations.

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Violence

There have been multiple reports generated from a violent outburst in Mathare, with one man reportedly being stabbed and others beaten. A man was killed in Thayu, Ngecha Road – Nairobi on the 4th of March. There also has been increasing tension along the Coast with attacks reported at Chumani, Kilifi where a gang of people have been attacking people from specific ethnic groups.

A CRECO observer noted that on the morning of March 4th, a gang of people were questioning residents from Chumani about their ethnicity and attacking those of a certain ethnicity. Earlier in the day, IEBC officials in the same area were abducted and injured by members claiming to belong to the MRC.

Voting Results

Most of the verified and approved reports received on the platform from trusted reporters give specific tally results at various tallying centres. These were provisional results which are being updated constantly and will be analyzed later in comparison with official results from IEBC as these become finalized.

Positive Events

There have been peaceful efforts by civilians, many of them voters themselves and by civil society in order to encourage a calm election. A one man guitar entertainer persuaded voters in Kibra to vote peacefully.

Analysis contributed by:

Leonida Mutuku
Rhoda Omenya
Angela Crandall
Wambui Kamiru
Andrea Scheibler
Judy Wawira
Catherine Dempsey
Joseph Pollack

Approved and Verified Citizen Reports (311 total)

Rumours

0.3%

Everything Fine

28.3%

Polling Station Logistical Issues

1.9%

Voter Identification Issues

1.3%

Voting Irregularities

10.3%

Civilian Peace Efforts

1.3%

Other

3.5%

Positive Events

1.0%

Threat of violence

0.6%

IEBC Officials not Acting In Accordance to Set Rules

1.0%

Trusted Reports

4.2%

Voter Integrity Irregularities

1.9%

Polling Station Logistical Issues

6.1%

Party Agent Irregularities

0.6%

Demonstrations

0.6%

Threat of violence

5.5%

Violent Attacks

0.3%

BVR Issues

3.2%

Counting Irregularities

1.0%

Absence/Insufficient law enforcement officials at Polling Station

0.6%

Civilian Peace Efforts

1.6%

Voting Irregularities

1.9%

Hate Speech

0.3%

Polling Station Closed Before Voting Concluded

1.0%

Campaign material in polling station

1.0%

Missing/Inadequate Voting Materials

1.6%

Voter Register Irregularities

1.3%

Ambush

1.3%

Presence of weapons

1.0%

Irregularities with voter assistance

0.6%

Violent Attacks

3.2%

Absence/Insufficient IEBC Officials At Polling Station

0.3%

Abductions/kidnapping

0.3%

Ballot Box Irregularities

0.3%

Bombings

0.3%

Eviction/population displacement

0.3%

Mobilisation towards violence

0.3%

Purchasing of Voters Cards

0.3%

Sexual/Gender Based Violence

0.3%

Other

9%