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  • Daudi Were 17:18 on 9 March 2013 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: ,   

    Uchaguzi Kenya Winds Down 

    With the declaration, this afternoon, of the final results in the Kenyan General Election our Uchaguzi deployment will officially come to an end at 18:00 EAT (15:00 GMT) today.

    Uchaguzi was a deployment focusing primarily on the election process, we have done that. The legal process that follows goes beyond our mandate. So far Kenya is largely peaceful, we anticipate that it will remain that way. Together with our partners we will remain watchful. We’d like to thank you all for sending in your reports, for taking time to visit the Uchaguzi website, for your support out on the ground and online. We appreciate you.

    We also appreciate that our amazing team of volunteers; globally, across Kenya and in our situation room at the iHub; have extended themselves far beyond what we asked them to commit to. A very special thank you to all the Uchaguzi volunteers and partners! Your commitment, your patience, your passion, your excellence is the stuff of legends! We asked you to help us help Kenyans protect their vote and we are amazed at how enthusiastically you responded to that call. We appreciate all of you and look forward to working next to you again.

    • Alison B Lowndes 17:57 on 9 March 2013 Permalink | Reply

      Thank you so much for all your efforts. I hope it stays peaceful after you close down …………..

    • Mkenya-Political Forum 18:04 on 24 March 2013 Permalink | Reply

      Hi, what the fuss was uchaguzi for? if there was some kind of report that was written about the elections did you make it public, I’d wish to read your reports.

    • lirik lagu fotograf di alam fana cinta 16:45 on 3 July 2013 Permalink | Reply

      It’s really a cool and useful piece of info. I am satisfied that you shared this useful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  • Heather Leson 14:23 on 9 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Watching results 

    Together we watch the live IEBC results from the ihub, from Kenya and from our devices around the world. We wait, we hope.

    Our team has been going strong for over a week. We’re tired, but driven to focus. This morning a few us of commented in skype windows how happy were were to post “peace reports” from the field. The coverage on NTV encouraged peace. The prayers starting the IEBC results presentation encouraged peace.

    I personally would love to post only peace reports. Kenya is a beautiful country.

    Watching results

    (photo by Heather, taken during the Friday IEBC results update press conference)



    As an Ushahidian, this is a very emotional time. Our organization started because of the last Kenyan elections. Roots. Our home base is in Kenya. We all continue to be overwhelmed by the various ways that Ushahidi software gets used and by the amazing people around the world who use it. I dream of never posting violent or election issue reports. I dream of mapping community building and protecting our world/our environment. But, at this very moment, I want to honour all those who aim to Give Voice, Provide “Ushahidi”. Hope.
    (After the Haiti earthquake, I had the word “Nadiya” (Ukrainian for “Hope”) tattooed on my left wrist. I did this to honour that we, across the globe and irrespective of boundaries, use digital skills for good. )




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  • Leo Mutuku 00:14 on 9 March 2013 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: ,   

    Situation Room Update, 8th March 2013 

    It has been an amazing week volunteering with the Uchaguzi 2013 deployment to help ordinary Kenyans protect their vote. As co-lead of the research and analytics team, I was fortunate enough to work closely with a very brilliant local and global team to analyze in near real-time, data from the messages sent into the platform. This is the first time there has been a digital team specifically focusing on research and analysis of the data received on the Uchaguzi platform as and when it streams in.

    We have strived to bring you at least one overview report on the status of the platform per day, analyses of reports created within the platform as well as visualizations on the same. Yesterday marked the last official working day in the situation room, after which the digital teams switched to monitoring mode for urgent and critical reports that need immediate response. Activity on the platform has therefore slowed down considerably and not given us enough data to conduct continued comprehensive analysis on. This presents an opportune moment to reflect on what we have observed in the past week and thread together major insights gathered over time.

    As at 23:15hrs there were 4,911 reports created out of 4,786 messages sent to the platform. Of these reports, 3,936 were approved and 2,679 verified. The analysis team focused on reports that were both approved and verified.

    This elections period has been relatively peaceful with only sporadic incidents of violence reported. In the run up to the elections, the platform received several messages with specific calls for peace as well as reports of citizen peace efforts on the ground. This peaceful trend was marred by reports of violence on the eve of the actual elections, March 3rd, where there were reports of violent attacks in areas such as Kilifi. These stories have also been carried in traditional media reports since.

    On elections day, reports majorly reported delays in opening polling stations and the slow manual process of voting in many areas as a result of failure of Electronic Voter Identification (EVID) kits. People were therefore impatient at polling centres due to resulting long queues . Other voter irregularities noted included voter bribery and names missing from the register. Another interesting finding from March 4th included reports with concern over the unusually high numbers of voters needing assistance to cast their ballots, possibly indicating that the voting process proved difficult to several citizens.

    As polling stations closed and the official tallying of votes began, new messages were sent into Uchaguzi with allegations of tallying irregularities and ballot box transportation irregularities. These incidents included unsealed ballot boxes arriving at tallying centres as well as dissatisfaction of announced results at the local county level.

    By the 6th of March, there were reports that businesses were returning to normal operations in the major towns and cities amid new reports of rising tension and threats to violence. This threat to public security was mainly attributed to the unusual delays in releasing results and some localised accusations of rigging.
    This tension still remains and is unlikely to dissipate until after the official announcements of the president-elect, based on the trends observed. These reports have been periodically interspersed with election related incidents of dangerous speech, violence and demonstrations in areas such as Garissa and Mathare Valley, Nairobi.

    The final announcement of the total tally for the presidential votes is expected in the next few hours and we will monitor the platform for reports on reactions and general sentiments to this announcement. Moving forward, we expect to conduct a thorough audit of the data received in Uchaguzi and conduct a comprehensive analysis of this data. This will essentially be useful in drawing key lessons from this deployment as well as provide a baseline for future research and monitoring efforts on Ushahidi deployments.

  • Erik Hersman 11:20 on 8 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Current Stats:

    4,735 messages
    4,737 reports
    3,821 approved
    2,599 verified

  • Heather Leson 00:53 on 8 March 2013 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Community,   

    When your Community Changes You…. 

    Uchaguzi is You!  is our mantra. We are always on and always in  edit mode. We are managed in a team driven engine that is decidedly non-linear. Everyone works with integrity and takes our Code of Collaboration to heart.

    Uchaguzi community

    From the community, partners, team and friends, Uchaguzi has been a massive project of collaboration and change. In that spirit, we wanted to share some overall highlights. We are global and 24/7 with over half of the people involved based in Kenya. While our cultures and languages may be different, Kenyans and people from around the world are joined together in a common cause: GIVE VOICE.

    The Uchaguzi team have been head down mapping since last Friday, March 1, 2013. We are collectively exhausted, but driven. Each person, each edit, and each suggestion has been discussed in a team zone.  Often, we’ve been so busy doing that even writing about what we are doing instead of doing, seems, well, wrong. But, we want to honour the community by sharing some of their story. Thank goodness that our Analysis and SMS teams have been blogging on this space. Their posts give a great view into the ever-changing project.  We have been inside the skype chat rooms trying to take their large volume of inputs (SMS) and give them outputs (reports to analyze).

    Everyone pulled together and went where was most useful. Even though they had signed up to perform one certain task, no one complained etc about doing a different one. This just goes to emphasise what a bunch of multi skilled volunteers there are.” Jus MacKinnon

    Uchaguzi  Community Badge

    The connection between the offline and the online is core to the project. Daudi Were, Project Lead, has held tireless field meetings and training sessions with partners who were on site for election monitoring at polling stations. These people remain deployed in the field. In addition, have trained over 200 people mainly local with some global support for timezone shifting. Our mapper friends from Abuja (Nigerian mappers), NYU GIS class lead by Dr. Colette Mazzucelli, Humanitarian OpenStreetMap  and some Standby Task Force folks have joined the mostly local Ihub Nairobi community as well as those trained from our partners Creco, Peacenet and Sodnet (who are all across the country). We also have a strong contingent from Translators without Borders to help translate and folks from MercyCorp to help verify reports. There are many new people, which is beautiful and hard. We are seeing the future leaders in this field. And, we are overwhelmed by the gift of each person’s time and energy to this project.

    “But for me the long term impact of this deployment will be an evolution in the area of connecting humans to their governance process from a position of power”- Om

    The Community participants come from all walks of life. Here are some of the key curves that they have navigated with amazing tenacity, spirit and dedication:

    • learning and building global collaboration skills in real-time
    • creating a common language while combine all areas of knowledge and disciplines. This is truly an interdisciplinary group that works with many cultures and languages
    • change the process, software and research in real-time. There are few things sacred on this project. Our wiki has all the process documents which get edited frequently.  We advise of changes via skype because email is too slow. Bugs and some features are fixed and tested in real-time. Plus, the embedded real-time analysis and research team is providing guidance, sensemaking and quality control feedback. Data is not static in this type of project, so we in turn, need to be in EDIT MODE.

    See our wiki for how we are editing.

    The number of A-ha moments across the board are brilliant. Not only are people rising up to learn and do, it is changing our software development as well as changing best practices for deployment, research and documentation. Thank you, take a bow.

    hand of Wambui Kamiru

    Photo by Wambui Kamiru


    We’ve been posting numbers all week about reports, types of reports, awaiting approval, awaiting verification etc. But, the big community story is how we collectively made this possible:

    Number of Skype Sub-teams active:

    10 (SMS, Media Monitoring, Geolocation, Translation, Reports, Verification, Analysis & Research, QA, Tech and Communications), 11 if you count the Ushahidi internal team chat.

    Number of Training sessions with Field Partners:

    50 plus meetings between January 4 and March 4th. (There were many in 2012 too.)
    Number of Community Working Group and Digital training team meetups:
    14 (There were also some side group team sessions. (e.g. Analysis))
    Number of people trained for digital teams from February 11 – Sunday, March 3, 2013: Over 239 trained on and before
    Number of people added to skype teams from March 3 – 6th: (including some real-time trained folks): 218
    Number of days that the Deployment was 24/7 around the globe and locally: Saturday, March 2  (9am EAT) – Tuesday, March 3 (3:00 pm EST)
    Number of days of monitoring: Friday, March 1st plus Tuesday, March 3 – ongoing
    Where are people from:  Kenya, Cameroon, Libya, Botswana, Nigeria, Ireland, UK, Slovenia, US, Canada, Brazil, New Zealand, Spain, South Korea.

    Teams updates for you:

    The SMS team wins for the most revisions to their process to meet the real-time needs. The good news is that team trained and handed off each process. Due to high volumes, we use many people from other teams. (See more about their team below).

    The MM wins for being the team that we steal participants. Honestly, with the volume of SMS, we needed more folks in SMS and Reports to help. The Media Monitoring team has been slightly skeleton. We made a mandate at the beginning of the year to only post citizen voices to the map. This means SMS, Twitter and Facebook posts. We aren’t recycling news stories. But, with the sparse coverage there are fewer of these types of reports. We look for the most urgent ones.

    The Translation team is a combination of trained professionals at Translators without Borders and digital participants from Kenya and beyond. The transition to being deeply inside a software deployment had a steep learning curve. But, it was fantastic to see reports quickly translated.  Being fast paced on global teams is hard enough, try doing it in a few languages like these folks.

    The Geolocation team has been one of our rocks in this process. They have been doubling up on reviewing content and keeping the rest of us in line for process adherence. Plus, maps are hot. Our friends from Humanitarian OpenStreetMap arrived Tuesday and Wednesday just as we were burning out. The amount of nerd cross-training in Team Geo has been fantastic. Simply put, there will be more geonerdia in .ke if these folks have anything to say about the future.

    Verification is the ROCK of the project. The folks in the field and in our verification skype rooms are fast. Stellar fast. Often, they are working on verifying information before the rest of us can get the reports to geo or translation. At first it was confusing, but once we got into the flow, it was amazing. Please look at all the reports with “verified”. You will see notes about the action taken. This is  not  the first deployment with embedded verification. But, their often seamless link between offline and online teams will be a best-practice strategy for other deployments to model and remix. A taste of how we worked:
    Verification - real time

    The technical teams included some core Ushahidi staff and trusted developers. Code was pushed frequently. See github for that action.

    They also worked closely with the Analysis team to create the Visuals and Results pages.

    You’ll note that we hacked that into the Uchaguzi platform.

    ANALYSIS, Research and QA
    The Analysis and Research team includes designers, developers, data hackers, researchers and policy folks. They collaborated to create visuals and make sense of the data. Plus, their frequent reports helped all of us know the wide-angle lens.

    In the middle of our live project, we created a sub-team for Quality Assurance. This team includes developers, researchers and others. The goal is to dig into the data and problem-solve. Doing root cause analysis can help with training and fixing stuff. This is one of the most important changes to keeping the project on the rails.

    We’ve got a dedicated group of folks trying to tell the story while we map. Check out their amazing snapshots on this page.

    Some More thoughts from the community:

    “I want to profusely thank the “UshaGuzi” team for their vision to create a best-practices solution for such pressing needs. Ushahidi and spinoffs are a huge step in the right direction. I also want to highlight how this process was different from other deployments in the respect that a communications feedback loop was closed and I think the effect will be electric.”

    Receiving SMS and mapping it: done often
    Receiving SMS and sending a response: done rarely

    Creating a means to react to ongoing communications with an individual: New Paradigm Thinking
    School and childcare pulled me out of the windows longer than I anticipated; it was always incredible to return and see hundreds of messages gone by. But for me the long term impact of this deployment will be an evolution in the area of connecting humans to their governance process from a position of power. I look forward to refining all of our procedures to prepare for the inevitable next election. Having developers involved with the live deployment was a pleasure.

    I’ll include the ubiquitous appreciation for the actual people who joined up and got involved and whose dogged determination provided valuable understanding. SMS Team deserves more than that though. For problem solving on-the-fly, being enthusiastic about the larger goal while doing so much to tackle the minute by minute reality of providing a more clear ‘people’s voice’ to the world. Al Jazeera is just the first of many places where this map will show up and I’m very grateful to have had this opportunity.”

    With deep respect,
    Asante tutaonana siku moja.

    The Kenyan team was very happy to have the Pan African contingent individual (Botswana), Yemi and Egghead Odewale (Nigeria) and Jean Brice (Cameroon) fly all the way to volunteer and spend time with us when we really needed it.

    They were rockstars at helping out and jumping between their teams and assisting with SMS. It has been a great week of learning and camaraderie with the local community. Friendships made stronger around Africa and the US.

    Dr. Susan Benesch
    not only worked with the Umati team but also assisted with the SMS backlog.

    • Joseph Pollack 05:22 on 8 March 2013 Permalink | Reply

      communities helping communities respond to political intimidation! Not too shabby, Humanity <3

    • REM 07:53 on 8 March 2013 Permalink | Reply

      It was a pleasure to see individuals and groups from around the world work together with our friends in Kenya towards shared goals for a free and fair Kenyan election through elevating the voice of the people. Everyone was very kind, caring, and contributed a great deal of time and effort. It was inspiring to see proficiency and unity, in addition to the work all put forward. I was impressed to see problematic issues handled pro-actively, openly, with responsibility, perspective and respect. The directors, team leads and co-leads did a magnificent job in ensuring a cohesive effort as well as continually providing encouragement, insight, experience, and positive leadershipt. What an amazing experience! Asante!

    • Matthias Kavuttih 10:44 on 8 March 2013 Permalink | Reply

      Translation has NOT been easy, but has been very enjoyable and inspirational because it has been a community task. It has been fun working on this platform,and taking responsibility over what hapens in this country. Thanks for the opportunity.

    • Lidia 18:24 on 9 March 2013 Permalink | Reply

      It was a pleasure to work together!

    • Lea Park 06:39 on 11 March 2013 Permalink | Reply

      My first time helping with SMS. Biggest thrill, and surprise, was viewing all those robust Reply threads! Like Om said, two-way sms at this level, in this context, is new, and empowering. The crowd, the support teams never quit. Whole effort Inspiring beyond measure. Your transparency, and confidence that ordinary folks could step up (& cope!), enabled me to take part. Thank you.

  • Juliana Rotich 21:37 on 7 March 2013 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Data, Kenya Election 2013, Research,   

    Uchaguzi Analysis Team Report 19:00 EAT 

    As vote counting entered its third day, activity on the platform was relatively slow and this analysis overview is based on 57 approved and verified reports between 19:30 EAT March 6 and 19:00 EAT March 7, 2013.

    There were 4663 messages received in the platform as at 20:45 EAT with 4717 reports were created out of these. 3789 reports are approved while 2593 of these are verified.

    As with other days during this election period we received several reports which  indicated that everything was fine across a broad geographical area from Nairobi to Central to Western -e.g. in Kawangware, Kericho. There was reported calm atmosphere in Mathare, an area in which we highlighted in past reports, that there were several threats to violence and property loss through fire incidents. However, reports indicated that residents were wary of small groups are gathering for “discussions”, although it has not been ascertained for what purpose exactly. There have been a number of civilian peace efforts reported, most of which are calling for continued peace as tensions rise.

    Insecurity Incidents

    The rising tensions are as a result of anxiety over the announcement of final presidential results which the IEBC is mandated to release within a period of 7 days after elections. The increase in tension has further been catalyzed by several reports of alleged counting irregularities and ballot rigging accusations. This tension resulted in mistaking a loudly mourning parent whose child had passed on for election related violence in Kibera.

    Further, Uchaguzi has received a number of reports indicating houses burning in Kiambui areas of eastern Nairobi and other destruction to property. In another area of the country, Chemase (Chepswerta Road), sugarcane plantations were set alight. While this incident was alleged to have taken place earlier this week, we were only able to verify these events recently. A group of people were also attacked in Nambale (near Busia) by assailants armed with pangas, although no further is available at present. There has also been a report that a person hung himself in Kibera in protest to his perceived outcome of the election. In a village in Huruma, there was a report of fliers that stated if a certain candidate did not win the presidency, there would not be peace.

    There seems to be a general trend of reports with rumours that are spreading and that care must be taken before acting. Other reports have been explicit calls for the media to play their part, with suggestions they should focus more on the process rather than claims made by political parties.

    Counting Irregularities

    Uchaguzi received citizen reports of provisional results from areas such as Mathare as well as reports of alleged rigging in Matayos and Konjero se Ekonjero (near Luanda) which have exacerbated tensions. Another report mentioned that protests broke out in Moyale after a failure to announce results but there are no further verified reports on this incident.

    Several reports have indicated concern following the statements issued by a political alliance earlier today that promised to take legal action against IEBC’s tallying process. Elsewhere, a report indicated an MP elect in Maseno (Vihigi) encountered a group of ‘hostiles’ at Jepses market, although patrolling security stepped in and resolved the situation. In Trans Nzoia there were calls for annulments of results and fresh elections to be conducted.

    Allegations of ballot box tampering has been noted at Sawagongo tallying centre in Siaya, but no further information is available at the time of this report. Messages criticizing the IEBC are increasing, as well as complaints literally directed towards them.

    There remains a relative lack of information on the coastal regions, as well as in northern areas of Kenya where unrest and incidents of insecurity have been previously reported.

  • Mark Kamau 00:25 on 7 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Kenya SMS team handover 3:25 a.m EAT 


    I am logging off at 3:25 am Kenyan time

    It has been a great effort by the SMS team starting off with what I believe to be over 700 – 800 SMSes and technical glitches through the day, but the team has made a good dent on these. We only have to process 381 messages and we shall be dealing with only new ones.

    •  As you tackle these, please ensure to check inside threads of SMSes as the same person sometimes reports of multiple incidences.
    • The Skype system of posting messages can sometimes be misleading; you might find a new incidence under an SMS number that has previously been attended or logged/claimed on Skype for the original incidence SMS. Please look into the threads and go for it as long as next to the new message it does not say ‘view report’
    • Also, if the citizen has responded to a request for new info and you come across the additional info response in the thread, feel free to do the report even though you didn’t request for the new info yourself. These are 2 instances when you can ignore the Skype SMS log system.
    • Please help us deal with the remaining 300+ SMSes to give us an opportunity to focus on any new issues that may occur tomorrow or thereafter :)

    There is an amazing team working on more of these and I am proud to be associated with you guys. Especially the young team in Kenya who despite their age, understand the value of volunteerism, justice and democratic transparency.  Some of them are still going on as I write this! I have no words guys… SALUTE!

  • Juliana Rotich 18:20 on 6 March 2013 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Elections 2013, Kenya, ,   

    Situation Room Update 19:30hrs, 6th March 2013. 

    As at 19:00 hrs, there were 4609 messages received in the platform, out of which 4493 reports were created. 3618 reports have been approved on Uchaguzi and 2492 reports verified. Today there has been less activity on the platform than we have observed in previous days. This report is therefore based on a total of  reports that are both approved and verified.

    A total of 60 verified reports were analyzed for the time period between 8.00pm EAT March 5 and 7.00pm EAT March 6, 2013.

    Business As Usual in CBD

    All was reported to be well in the CBD in Nairobi, with several businesses carrying on as usual although there are reports the atmosphere remains tense and fearful, largely as a result of delays in releasing results and some localised accusations of rigging . In both Kericho and in Kisumu it was also reported to be tense but fine, although both places noted a dip in business and a shortage of certain commodities (such as bread), with some shops remaining closed. In Timboroa, Uasin Gishu, everything remains calm although it has been noted that there is an unusual amount of people moving into “unknown areas”/ migrating out of the region. Despite the reports of delays and unrest, Uchaguzi received reports of peace from Subukia Constituency in Nakuru  county and at Tumbelyon, Bomet County, Kibera, Mathare and in parts of Eldoret.

    Security Concerns and Demonstrations

    Breaking: There are reports coming in the platform as we release this report of riots and chaos in Webuye town. While we have verified with monitors on the ground, we are still receiving new information on this. Uchaguzi received reports early in the morning of rising tensions as a result of delays in counting of votes. These reports alluded to threats of violence in Kayole, Nguyumu, Sotik town where youth incited people to evict a certain ethnic group if one alliance won the elections. Other youth also incited people to violence in Mathare at St. Teresa’s nursery school where the Returning Officer was purported to have given different results from what the agents had.

    Dissatisfaction with the results announced in Aldai, Nandi, Kobujoi and Kagundo was reported while demonstrations were held on Mbagathi way, Nairobi to protest against IEBC officials who allegedly helped citizens to vote twice. Elsewhere in Matungulu, a report stated that an aspirant was thrown out of the tallying center.

    There have also been multiple reports relating to Garissa, which report of  riots witnessed in the streets earlier today. In Mombasa there have been protests over declared results alleged to have been led by 3 aspirants of different political affiliations. A tense atmosphere however remains with concerns over threats to violence. Similar situations have also been reported from Lamu, where the GSU are patrolling the streets following reports that a losing candidate pulled a gun. Threats of violence have been similarly reported in Mathare, Nairobi, with a number of people alleged to have left the area as a result of the spoiled/rejected votes issue – a little background here: the IEBC announced that all votes cast, including spoilt or rejected votes will be used to calculate the final percentages obtained by each of the presidential candidates.

    Meru town also remained tense, as at yesterday, which includes a report of one woman being refused service in the area because of ethnic affiliations. In other areas of Eldoret (Kimumu) threats to violence and incitement to displace populations have been reported. Similarly, there were reported threats of violence between competing politicians in Kiambu, which is creating a tense atmosphere.

    Ballot Box and Counting Irregularities.

    Messages sent to Uchaguzi reported that generally people seemed confused over result announcements; there seems to be a lack of clarity and understanding about delays to the process. Rumours relating to foreign interventions have also led to continued unease in many areas. A report to the platform copied a Safaricom statement with an explanation of  their technical involvement in the relaying of results and another on the government’s appeal for continued patience and peace.

    Several citizen reports were received throughout the night and early this morning on the counting exercise, with increased  reports of counting irregularities and disputed results in constituencies such as Sabatia and Hamisi, Vihiga. Citizens were further agitated by IEBC’s officials failure to announce results in Konoin, Butere, Suba, Baringo South and Kathiani.

    There were 2 instances of ballot box irregularities reported at Railway Polling Station in Kitale where tallying was disrupted for several hours as police seized 5 ballot boxes that had not been correctly sealed. In Westlands, Nairobi, ballot papers that had gone missing were found in Ruai (east Nairobi) – and at the time of this report no further information has been elaborated.

    In Koronga polling station near Kitale irregularities were noted by one officer with regards to results that don’t correspond to number of registered voters. In Kuria an officer was reported to have gone “underground” before handing over results and tallying at the constituency centre has consequently ceased for the time being. In Meru government vehicles have been implicated in the transportation of fake ballot papers. A missing ballot box in South C, Nairobi, caused considerable concern but has since been located. No other information regarding tampering of this ballot box has been forwarded at this time. The platform also received a verified report of announced results being higher than the registered number of voters in Nyali, Mombasa.


  • Erik Hersman 15:46 on 6 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Delayed results means that things are on edge, and we’re only getting a few messages right now. The IEBC has decided to move to a full manual process, and their API is shut down completely, so our results page isn’t of much value now.

    We’ll need smaller teams of people on-hand through the evening.

  • Erik Hersman 08:07 on 6 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Current Uchaguzi stats:

    4,641 messages
    4,306 reports
    3,470 approved
    2,396 verified

  • Erik Hersman 05:34 on 6 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Maps with IEBC Data: Spoilt Votes and Non-Reporting Wards 

    @Mikel Maron (MapKibera founder) has been playing with the IEBC API and put together the following maps. This is based on data downloaded from the IEBC API as of about 4am EAT. This is only the presidential contest.

    First shows wards where no results have yet been reported at all. Those wards shown in red.

    Second shows ratio of spoilt to valid ballots. 5% or greater in yellow, 50% or greater in red.
    Some wards even reporting more spoilt ballots than valid.

    • boris 06:49 on 6 March 2013 Permalink | Reply

      Thanks for that ! your saying “Some wards even reporting more spoilt ballots than valid” but i cant find none on your map. can you help and indicate some of them, close to Nairobi if possible, for AFP news agency to go there and report ? best regards, Boris Bachorz, East africa bureau chief

      • Mikel 13:29 on 6 March 2013 Permalink | Reply

        Here’s a list of wards with higher spoilt than valid ballots.

        KEMBU BOMET EAST 4080 2225
        MOIBEN MOIBEN 2904 1513
        MARACHI WEST BUTULA 2992 1142
        KAPLAMAI CHERANGANY 1904 810
        SILALE TIATY 40 5
        CHEPYUK MT. ELGON 1896 1727
        BAMBA GANZE 2208 830

        None are in the Nairobi area. If you zoom in on Nairobi, you’ll see a few with higher than 50%. Closest is

        UTAWALA, EMBAKASI EAST 5480 7307

        Looks like DANDORA, EMBAKASI NORTH also has a pretty high ratio.

    • Dennis 07:06 on 6 March 2013 Permalink | Reply

      This visualisation is wrong. For instance, Nkondi, Tharaka has 32 Spoilt votes and 1772 Valid votes so is Kinanie, Mavoko, Mukothima Tharaka etc

      • Mikel 13:30 on 6 March 2013 Permalink | Reply

        Dennis, not sure about the issue you’re raising. Nkondi, Tharaka shows 32 spoilt, 1772 valid, and is not highlighted….

  • Juliana Rotich 17:47 on 5 March 2013 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: 2013, , Election, ,   

    Analysis Team Report March 5th 20:30 EAT 



    As at 7.00 pm EAT on March 5, 2013,  there were:

    • 4,513 messages sent to the platform

    • 4,183 reports created in the system

    • Of these, 3,331 reports were approved, and a further 2,287 verified.

    This analysis is based on 127 approved and verified reports from 113 locations with data from March 5th 09:30 EAT to 18:00 EAT

    Peace and Calm around the country

    A day after the elections, provisional results have been trickling in to the national tallying centre from various tallying stations around the country. Despite the anxiety as a result of a slow counting and tallying process that has been witnessed, several reports of peace and calm in different locations have been reported on Uchaguzi. Approximately 40% of reports received on the platform confirmed that “Everything is Fine”. A report from a centre in South C mentioned a misplaced ballot box that was later found – no tensions or concerns have since been reported there at the time of this report.

    Another report highlighted peaceful proceedings at two polling stations in Kericho between two different ethnic communities. 14% of reports also included provisional citizen results.

    Ballot Box Irregularities and Counting Irregularities

    To a large extent (25%), there were reports of tallying irregularities and ballot box transportation irregularities. Incidents of unsealed ballot boxes arriving at tallying centres were reported from polling stations such as Railways Station and Kitale. Further, a tallying officer in Kakamega was reported to have gone underground before releasing the results. Other reports from South Imenti, near Meru, mentioned issues with ballot boxes and party agent irregularities, with some citizens protesting what they perceive to be “foreign votes” introduced into the ballot boxes. This seems to be after 6 ballot boxes were ferried to the polling station 8 hours after it had closed; This area (South Imenti near Meru) is tense and threats of violence have been reported. Other reports indicated that IEBC (Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission) were withholding results, tallying incorrect figures or providing tampered results.

    A day after voting, there were still new reports in the platform about missing voter names from registers. This was mainly in Nairobi.

    Rising Security Concerns

    11% of reports received in this period refer to insecurity and threats to violence. Of note is the murder of a boy in Korogocho (Nairobi), although it is not stated if or how this is related to the election. Tensions remain high in the area. There have also been reports of threats of violence and eviction of Kalenjin in areas of Nyalenda, Kisumu. Violence has erupted in Senende, although it is unclear what has incited this. Meanwhile, in Kisii, there were reports of threats to evict residents because they voted for a certain presidential candidate. There was also one report of alleged hate speech where the incoming county assembly was threatened that it will be extorted with money. The location of the speakers was not immediately clear. Other threats to violence arose in polling stations where the public accused IEBC of slow tallying process and therefore held protests and demonstrations.



    Demonstrations;  Rumours


    IEBC Officials not Acting In Accordance to Set Rules




    Provisional Citizen Results


    Threat of violence ; Violent attacks; Dangerous Speech


    Evictions/ Population Displacement


    Ballot Box Irregularities;  Counting Irregularities; Irregularities with transportation of ballot boxes;


    Civilian Peace Efforts


    Everything Fine


    Police Peace Efforts


    Polling Station Logistical Issues


    Voting Irregularities


    Grand Total

    127 reports



    Analysis Team
    Leo Mutuku
    Jennifer Chan
    Andrea Scheibler.

  • Erik Hersman 16:17 on 5 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Election Analysis of Provisional Results 

    Interesting analysis of the provisional reports by @PuntlandPirates. Seems like there’s a greater share of votes tabulated from the Uhuru side at this point, than the Raila side.

    Screen Shot 2013-03-05 at 7.14.55 PM

    This is why you can’t take provisional results too seriously.

    Here’s an updated version:

    Screen Shot 2013-03-06 at 11.48.24 AM

  • Erik Hersman 14:44 on 5 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Provisional Poll Results on Uchaguzi (via IEBC’s API)

    Jeff Maina and Charles Kithika, from the iHub, have been putting together a simple way to visualize the provisional results coming from the IEBC API. One problem we noticed with the other real-time feeds was that we couldn’t easily find the Governor, Senator, MP and Women’s Rep results for each county and ward. Ours has all that, and it is also responsive design, meaning that it’s equally well-viewed on mobiles, tablets and big monitors.

    We’re doing real-time design and dev work on this, so don’t be surprised when things change. There should be some bar charts up soon, as well as making it easier to find your county and then all the ward data within that county.

    [update: case-in-point is that we had a bug with the MP data, so took that out til it's been fixed.]

    Here’s what it looks like on mobile (currently):


  • Erik Hersman 12:43 on 5 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Current stats:

    4,456 messages
    4,104 reports
    3,280 approved
    2,282 verified

  • Erik Hersman 09:47 on 5 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Uchaguzi Sitroom Report March 5, 2013 up to 9:30am 

    Executive Summary

    As at 9:30am on March 5, 2013, there were a total of:

    4,344 messages sent to the platform
    4,148 reports created in the system
    Of these, 3,364 reports were approved, and a further 2,318 verified.

    There are different verified reports from more than 1,694 different locations from all over the country. This analysis is based on 1,805 approved and verified reports.

    The Research and Analysis team monitors reviewed reports in near real time to draw patterns and trends and provide insights to events as they were reported. Uchaguzi mainly relies on citizen reports and therefore the results of these analyses are purely based on crowd-sourced reports from all over the country.


    On the evening prior to Kenya’s General Elections, citizen reports noted violence in Kilifi and Kaloleni areas. Uchaguzi alerted the relevant authorities in time to deploy security officials to these areas, but approximately 13 people were killed#, including 4 police according to The Guardian Newspaper#.

    Kenya opened its General Elections polling at approximately 6:00am on March 4, 2013, with some polling stations opening late due to inadequate preparations. The day passed relatively peacefully with small incidents of violence in areas like Mathare, attacks on the Justus Kizito3 former MP of Shinyalu Constituency, in Kakamega Forest and Kabando wa Kabando (former MP Mukuruweini Constituency) by youth4. Voter turnout was extremely high. The Independent Electoral Boundaries Commission (IEBC) Chairman Isaack Hassan, said that the commission expects the voter turnout to be at about 70% of all registered voters5. Subsequently, polling stations were extremely crowded, with citizens waiting for up to 10 hours in some cases6.

    Some polling stations closed at the stated time (5:00pm) while others have been alleged to have remained open late into the night/early morning. By 9:30am on March 5, some polling stations were alleged to still be open, including Port Reitz (Mombasa).

    Votes began to be counted on the evening of March 4th and are currently continuing to being tabulated. Provisional results are currently being provided from the Bomas Tally Centre with the final results expected once the tally process is complete and reported by the IEBC.


    Screen Shot 2013-03-05 at 10.43.50 AM copy
    Voting Irregularities Prevalent During Polling

    23% of all citizen reports were about voting irregularities. At a first glance, most of these locations were in and around Nairobi, Kilifi, and Western regions of the country.

    Crowds became impatient at polling centres due to long queues and the common failure of Biometric Voter Registration (BVR) kits. Other voter irregularities noted include voter bribery and names missing from the register. Technical issues with the BVR forced some polling stations to resort to the manual register. Locations include Ikolomani Cells, Lirhembe – Ikolo Bridge International Academy – Kabati, Kenyatta Avenue, Naivasha.

    Voter Bribing and Harassment
    Voter bribing was reported in Kamukunji (in Pumwani by a Wiper Ward Rep), and Bomachoge, where their campaigns were going on outside the station. Instances of voter bribery were also witnessed in reports that implicate specific political parties and representative in Taveta and along Kipsigak Serem Road (Aldai Secondary School). Other incidents of voter bribery were reported from Lugari and Migori.

    Kenya Breweries has also been implicated in ID card thefts, preventing 30 labourers from leaving work to vote, although the matter was passed on to the police. Some voters were also subject to harassment by candidates, as reported in Eastleigh (Nairobi) where a political party county representative was reported to be with armed youth. This was also witnessed in Nyaribari Chache.

    Unusually high number of voters assisted to vote

    In Lamu East and Nyaribari Chache, there were reports of unusually high numbers of voters needing assistance to cast their ballots. Moreover, in Lamu East, where voters were assisted, the personnel assisting the voters did not take an oath of secrecy.

    Other singular incidents include: voters with IDs that have been laminated afresh being turned away in Sirisia Township polling station; an ill lit polling station at Mithadukuini; polling officials behaving inappropriately in Gatanga; and agents marking for clerks in Turkana East and Kitutu Masaba.

    Screen Shot 2013-03-05 at 10.56.20 AM

    Polling Station Irregularities

    9% of citizen reports from March 4th related to incidents of voter intimidation or disruption at polling stations across Kenya. These incidents occurred all over the country, but in particular in several locations in Kilifi, where voting had not started at the time that other polling stations had already closed. Other issues faced ranged from the failure of BVR kits to demonstrations and threats of violence, as crowds became impatient at polling centres. Voter irregularities noted also include voter bribery and names missing from the registrar.

    The general trend was that polling stations were busy and crowded, with police assistance not always sufficient to maintain calm and order. Space at the stations was limited, with one report in Naivasha of voting taking place in the open air.

    Issues relating to voter identification, the voting process and polling station administration continue to constitute the majority of reports received in the platform. 1.3% of citizen reports and 6% of the reports from verified reporters (CRECO officials) stated that there were incidents of voter names missing from the register or irregular names. The problem of IEBC biometric voter registration kits (BVR) not working was compounded by voters’ missing names from the manual registers in Railway polling station (Kitale county) where over 150 people’s names were missing from the register. Other areas that had missing voters include Msambweni, Bomachoge, Kilome, Trans Nzoia and Awendo, and Central province.

    Missing ballot papers in Nakuru and in Kilifi resulted in heightened tensions on March 4, and there was general frustration at the delays and length of time taken to vote in most locations, as noted in our earlier reports. In Kibera, lack of power led to the BVR machines shutting down, further contributing to delays. The above problems caused much disorganization and increased frustration amongst voters consequently increasing the threat of violence and disorderly conduct at polling stations.

    Screen Shot 2013-03-05 at 11.02.15 AM


    There have been multiple reports generated from a violent outburst in Mathare, with one man reportedly being stabbed and others beaten. A man was killed in Thayu, Ngecha Road – Nairobi on the 4th of March. There also has been increasing tension along the Coast with attacks reported at Chumani, Kilifi where a gang of people have been attacking people from specific ethnic groups.

    A CRECO observer noted that on the morning of March 4th, a gang of people were questioning residents from Chumani about their ethnicity and attacking those of a certain ethnicity. Earlier in the day, IEBC officials in the same area were abducted and injured by members claiming to belong to the MRC.

    Voting Results

    Most of the verified and approved reports received on the platform from trusted reporters give specific tally results at various tallying centres. These were provisional results which are being updated constantly and will be analyzed later in comparison with official results from IEBC as these become finalized.

    Positive Events

    There have been peaceful efforts by civilians, many of them voters themselves and by civil society in order to encourage a calm election. A one man guitar entertainer persuaded voters in Kibra to vote peacefully.

    Analysis contributed by:

    Leonida Mutuku
    Rhoda Omenya
    Angela Crandall
    Wambui Kamiru
    Andrea Scheibler
    Judy Wawira
    Catherine Dempsey
    Joseph Pollack

    Approved and Verified Citizen Reports (311 total)



    Everything Fine


    Polling Station Logistical Issues


    Voter Identification Issues


    Voting Irregularities


    Civilian Peace Efforts




    Positive Events


    Threat of violence


    IEBC Officials not Acting In Accordance to Set Rules


    Trusted Reports


    Voter Integrity Irregularities


    Polling Station Logistical Issues


    Party Agent Irregularities




    Threat of violence


    Violent Attacks


    BVR Issues


    Counting Irregularities


    Absence/Insufficient law enforcement officials at Polling Station


    Civilian Peace Efforts


    Voting Irregularities


    Hate Speech


    Polling Station Closed Before Voting Concluded


    Campaign material in polling station


    Missing/Inadequate Voting Materials


    Voter Register Irregularities




    Presence of weapons


    Irregularities with voter assistance


    Violent Attacks


    Absence/Insufficient IEBC Officials At Polling Station




    Ballot Box Irregularities




    Eviction/population displacement


    Mobilisation towards violence


    Purchasing of Voters Cards


    Sexual/Gender Based Violence




  • Hilary Nervin 09:01 on 5 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  


    Alll 147 reports from Kisii were Approved and Verified. Reports discussed here are from March 4th, 2013.

    Voters in Kisii faced a heightened level of polling station issues. Numerous reports of bribery and campaigning outside polling stations was reported. Party agents disputed ballots and many voters were intimidated when the went to the polls. In addition, voters names were missing from registries, polling stations were closed early, incorrectly numbered and inadequately lit. Numerous reports of unprofessional behavior by security and IBEC personnel was also reported. A higher frequency of reports from this region indicated direct intimidation and bribery than in other regions.

    The majority of reports from Kisii came from trusted sources.

  • Hilary Nervin 09:01 on 5 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  


    All 35 reports from Kilifi were Approved and Verified. Reports discussed here are from March 4th, 2013.

    A car bombing and numerous fires were repotted in Kilifi. The Jibana chief’s home and a local bar were burned down. Mob violence was reported as were civilian injuries. Insecurity reportedly forced
    IBEC officials to leave the polling station and they did not return. A kidnapping was reported at the Chumani Primary School. Additionally, reports of malfunctioning identification kits and closed poll stations was also reported.

    The majority of reports from Kilifi came from trusted sources.

  • Hilary Nervin 09:00 on 5 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  


    All 129 reports from Kiambu were Approved and Verified. Reports discussed here are from March 4th, 2013.

    A high volume of reports of discrimination against voters by NARC officers, malfunctioning voter identification kits, inadequately stocked polling stations and voter registration issues were reported. Bribery and campaigning outside of polling areas was also noted. Network failures were reported after polls closed.

    The majority of reports from Kiambu came from trusted sources.

  • Hilary Nervin 09:00 on 5 March 2013 Permalink | Reply  


    All 38 reports from Kericho were Approved and Verified. Reports discussed here are from March 4th, 2013.

    A murder was reported at Kaplearet just before 18:00  from the previous night (#1731), however a follow-up report claimed this to be in response to a theft (#3413). Voters were faced with malfunctioning BVR and identification kits. Errors and omissions were reported multiple times in Kipkelion-East; however these reports began at 06:58 and continued throughout the day with an odd coding scheme and may not be reliable.

    The majority of reports from Kaplearet (including Code 38 reports) were from trusted sources.

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